Two-Spirit Reading

ANTSS History/Archive Advisor, Dr. Savannah Tdyndawgyah Waters spoke at the 2024 Two-Spirit Festival in Oklahoma City. They recommend these titles for those who would like a broader understanding of Two-Spirit/IndigiQueer and Native gender variant history.

Driskill, Qwo-Li
Asegi Stories: Cherokee Queer and Two-Spirit Memory.
University of Arizona Press, 2016.

Gilley, Brian Joseph
Becoming Two-Spirit: Gay Identity and Social Acceptance in Indian Country
University of Nebraska Press, 2006.

Lang, Sabine
Men as Women, Women as Men: Changing Gender in Native American Cultures
University of Texas Press, 1998

Gay American Indians (author) & Roscoe, Will (editor)
Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology
St. Martins Press, 1988.

Jacobs, Sue-Ellen, Thomas, Wesley & Lang, Sabine (editors)
Two-Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality
University of Illinois, 1997

Rifkin, Mark
When Did Indians Become Straight?: Kinship, the History of Sexuality, and Native Sovereignty
Oxford University Press, 2011.

Roscoe, Will
Changing Ones: Third and Fourth Genders in Native North America
Palgrave Macmillan, 2000

Slater, Sandra & Yarbrough, Fay A. (editors)
Gender and Sexuality in Indigenous North America, 1400-1850
University of South Carolina Press, 2011.

Williams, Walter L
The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture
Beacon Press, 1986.

Roscoe, Will
The Zuni Man-Woman
University of New Mexico Press, 1991

Smithers, Gregory D
Reclaiming Two-Spirits
Beacon Press, 2022